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  • Jeff M Chambers

The Bull is Half the Herd Unless a Poor One, Then He’s All the Herd: VALUE HIM AS SUCH

This article is reprinted with minor change from the Amercian Dexter Cattle Association Bulletin Vol 4., 2019

SMD Paycheck Ballan (owned by Maple Ridge Farm - Syndenham CA)

Our breed is maturing. It is moving well beyond being the

Livestock Conservancy’s threatened or endangered breed list. As

the breed matures we as breeders and owners are and will be

going through some important and challenging times. The way

we as stewards of the breed meet these challenges and navigate

this transition will be critical in determining the long-term success

some of these growth-related and breed maturation changes in

a tightening breeder/seed-stock market,in a heightened emphasis o

n production traits and values, and an increased emphasis on

the development of continuous and sustainable, terminal

(including dairy) production markets for Dexter stock.


In my opinion, a leading and predictive indicator in assessing

how successfully we as a breed are managing this transition is

our approach to and the value we place upon the single most

critical animal in every herd, the bull. How we select and use our

bulls is critical for our breed’s continued growth and prosperity.

That topic deserves its own time and due. However, for this post the

following step in that process is the focus: “Is the bull I am using

a good bull?” I think is nicely addressed by Hinman, in Dual-Pur-

pose Cattle p. 43-45, 1953.


“The bull question might be answered by saying that a good

bull in any herd is one whose progeny more nearly approaches

the ideal of the breeder than did the females with which he was

mated. This presupposes that the breeder has an ideal; if he does

not, he may be on his way, but he is going nowhere.”

SMD Sophie Ferl

Having an ideal in mind and then selecting and using those

males that move your herd and will likely move others herd

toward that ideal is how we ultimately determine if any bull is a

good bull. Implicit in this notion is that we are never certain a

bull is a good bull until he’s been a bull.


Our approach as Dexter breeders toward initial selection and

the ongoing evaluation of bulls is of critical importance. There

is recognition in our breed that these decisions are critical in

breed improvement however the follow-on component to those

decisions, bull values, suggests they are not being implemented

successfully. The value we place upon our bulls is a key indicator

of our success as a breed. To this point in our growth, I would

suggest this indicator is not pointing in a positive direction.

When mature registered bulls, with proven results of excellence

in progeny and production that move herds toward an ideal are

offered for sale and in some cases sold for less than their value

as ground beef, we have a problem. When yearling and coming

two-year-old registered bulls are offered for sale and sold for less

than their value, as finished steers, we have a problem.


On the one hand, this situation points directly to the fact that

as a breed our selection of calves to remain intact as potential

bulls continue to be too wide. A breed growing in a healthy

direction does not have registered bulls being sold for less than

their beef value. Among commercial beef herds, an old rule of

thumb in determining how much to pay for a bull is generally 2

times the value of a fat steer or 4 to 5 times the value of a feeder

calf. Using this algorithm even in the worst-case scenario that of

a 2-year-old 1,000 lb. Dexter steer going to the sale barn and sold

at a slaughter price of $85 per 100; the equation would indicate

$1,600 should be an expected price for an unproven Dexter bull

and that for commercial production. However, given that the

primary Dexter terminal market for beef is through farm to fork

operations with a fat steer selling as hanging beef at $5 a pound

(300 lbs. x $5 = $1,500) the Dexter bull price should be in the

$3,000 range. And again this bull price is for 2-year-old, unprov-

en, unregistered, production stock.


What then is the additional value that should be included for a

future herd sire in a registered herd from an established and prov-

en breeding program? Are these values being sought or received

in the market for the most critical animal in any herd?

From an examination of the values placed on bulls offered

for sale generally, and the values that bulls are being sold for it

suggests that neither side of the equation is valuing bulls beyond

their terminal market value and in more than a few cases below

that value. In general, our breed is undervaluing the genetics

represented in those animals selected to remain as registered

seedstock bulls. This is not a good situation for our breed.


SMD Gracie Ballan

Clearly a part of the answer is the further development of

sustainable, terminal production markets for Dexter stock. Thereby

decreasing selection pressure to keep bull calves intact. But that

is not the entire solution. We must continue to improve by only

selecting and making available bulls that can improve succeeding

generations from the cows to which they are bred toward a

specified ideal. We must also value our genetics as offered

through our bulls above the value of their carcass. We must insist

upon that value which is worthy of a breeding and genetic selection

program that gives reasonable assurance of an expected degree of

quality, type, and production in progeny toward a specified ideal.

So how do we as a breed go about changing this situation?


Begin with Hinman’s admonition to have an ideal we are mov-

ing toward. Then we only select and offer the best bulls from the

best females and sires that move our herd AND can potentially

move others herds toward that ideal. Then, if a bull is worthy of being

a bull, value him as such. Offering our breeding and genetics at

bargain prices devalues our efforts and genetics. Ensure as both a

buyer and seller that we place the additional value that is due to

proven sires, that represent a higher probability of success in the

future improvement of your herd.

SMD Ferl Certus

And finally, as we seek new bulls worthy of being a bull; we

should identify breeders that select toward and have succeeded in

moving their herds toward an ideal that is close to our own and

that value their bulls as such. Bargain hunting for bulls is a sure

way to the breeder’s poor house. The “expense” of a bull is and

should always be an investment in the future of our cattle herds.

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Douglas, Nebraska, USA

© 2019 by Silver Maple Dexters

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